Article, 2024

A framework for synthetic diagnostics using energetic-particle orbits in tokamaks

In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, Volume 294, 10.1016/j.cpc.2023.108930

Contributors (7)

Jarleblad H. (0000-0003-1126-686X) (Corresponding author) [1] Stagner L. (0000-0001-5516-3729) [2] Salewski M. (0000-0002-3699-679X) [1] Eriksson J. (0000-0002-0892-3358) [3] Nocente M. (0000-0003-0170-5275) [4] Schmidt B.S. (0000-0001-5302-9489) [1] Rud Larsen M. [1]


  1. [1] Technical University of Denmark
  2. [NORA names: DTU Technical University of Denmark; University; Denmark; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD]
  3. [2] General Atomics
  4. [NORA names: United States; America, North; OECD]
  5. [3] Uppsala University
  6. [NORA names: Sweden; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD]
  7. [4] University of Milano-Bicocca
  8. [NORA names: Italy; Europe, EU; OECD]


In fusion plasma physics, the large-scale trajectories of energetic particles in magnetic confinement devices are known as orbits. To effectively and efficiently be able to work with orbits, the Orbit Weight Computational Framework (OWCF) was developed. The OWCF constitutes a set of scripts, functions and applications capable of computing, visualizing and working with quantities related to fast-ion (FI) orbits in toroidally symmetric fusion devices. The current version is highly integrated with the DRESS code, which enables the OWCF to compute and analyze the orbit sensitivity for arbitrary neutron- and gamma-diagnostics. However, the framework is modular in the sense that any future codes (e.g. FIDASIM) can be easily integrated. The OWCF can also compute projected velocity spectra for FI orbits, which play a key role in many FI diagnostics. Via interactive applications, the OWCF can function both as a tool for investigative research but also for teaching. The OWCF will be used to analyze and simulate the diagnostic results of current and future fusion experiments such as ITER. The orbit weight functions computed with the OWCF can be used to reconstruct the FI distribution in terms of FI orbits from experimental measurements using tomographic inversion.


Fast ions, Nuclear fusion, Orbits, Weight functions


  • European Commission
  • Emil Herborg Grantpart
  • Ole Rømer Foundation
  • European Consortium
  • Niels Bohr Foundation