Review, 2024

Smart waste management 4.0: The transition from a systematic review to an integrated framework

In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, Volume 174, Pages 1-14, 10.1016/j.wasman.2023.08.041

Contributors (4)

Kannan D. (0000-0003-4365-0313) (Corresponding author) [1] [2] Khademolqorani S. Janatyan N. [3] Alavi S.


  1. [1] Adelaide Business School
  2. [NORA names: Australia; Oceania; OECD]
  3. [2] University of Southern Denmark
  4. [NORA names: SDU University of Southern Denmark; University; Denmark; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD]
  5. [3] K. N. Toosi University of Technology
  6. [NORA names: Iran; Asia, Middle East]


Smart Waste Management (SWM) discusses the waste management process for different types of waste while introducing an intelligent approach to controlling the amount of waste. This paper introduces SWM4.0, which applies Industry4.0 (I4.0) technologies in various related events. First, the paper presents a systematic literature review on the role of I4.0 technologies in SWM activities regarding waste types, waste management processes, and 5R strategies. Then, existing solutions supporting SWM4.0 are extracted to develop a framework for exploring the use of I4.0 technologies. This framework includes sharing the four main pillars that contribute to the success of SWM4.0, namely smart people, smart cities, smart enterprises, and smart factories. Furthermore, this review suggests the possibility of unifying and extending existing solutions and identifying the necessary links and interfaces for researchers. For managerial implications, the framework identifies future strategies to fulfill specific SWM tasks and to foster new technological solutions for future research.


Industry4.0, Smart Business, Smart City, Smart Factory, Smart People, Smart Waste Management


  • Danish International Development Agency