-  Universidade Federal do ABC [NORA names: Brazil; America, South]
-  Aarhus University [NORA names: AU Aarhus University; University; Denmark; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD]
-  Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) [NORA names: Brazil; America, South]
-  Programa de Processos Tecnológicos e Ambientais [NORA names: Brazil; America, South]
Cellulases from anaerobic fungi are enzymes less-studied biochemically and structurally than cellulases from bacteria and aerobic fungi. Currently, only thirteen GH5 cellulases from anaerobic fungi were biochemically characterized and two crystal structures were reported. In this context, here, we report the functional and biophysical characterization of a novel multi-modular cellulosomal GH5 endoglucanase from the anaerobic gut fungus Piromyces finnis (named here PfGH5). Multiple sequences alignments indicate that PfGH5 is composed of a GH5 catalytic domain and a CBM1 carbohydrate-binding module connected through a CBM10 dockerin module. Our results showed that PfGH5 is an endoglucanase from anaerobic fungus with a large spectrum of activity. PfGH5 exhibited preference for hydrolysis of oat β-glucan, followed by galactomannan, carboxymethyl cellulose, mannan, lichenan and barley β-glucan, therefore displaying multi-functionality. For oat β-glucan, PfGH5 reaches its optimum enzymatic activity at 40 °C and pH 5.5, with K of 7.1 μM. Ion exchange chromatography analyzes revealed the production of oligosaccharides with a wide degree of polymerization indicated that PfGH5 has endoglucanase activity. The ability to bind and cleave different types of carbohydrates evidence the potential of PfGH5 for use in biotechnology and provide a useful basis for future investigation and application of new anaerobic fungi enzymes.